High blood pressure, how to treat it, what hypertension means and how it affects us are questions that can be found in varied variants of answers, but the medical correctness of these types of questions can be found in this post.
Blood pressure represents physics laws as any fluid inside a container and exerts pressure on its walls. The fluid we are talking about is the blood that is in permanent circulation in the blood vessels and is constantly exerting tension on them.
The tension we are talking about is blood pressure (BP), which is the pressure exerted inside the blood vessels. Blood circulation has two values due to myocardial contraction and relaxation, therefore blood pressure is expressed in two sets of values: one higher (systolic) and a smaller one (diastolic).
Blood pressure is measured in mm / hg, meaning millimeter mercury column, and the abbreviated form is to divide the values at 10, so the correct expression is like an example of 120/80 mm / Hg while the abbreviated form is 12/8.
Blood pressure values can not be categorized into a clear figure, but rather within an interval because blood pressure varies as normal limits depending on:
– Weight: A person under 55 kg has a value of 10 mm / Hg at lower acceptable limits, while a person with a value between 55-85 is exactly the average of the values, and between 85-110 is accepted by 10 Mm / Hg above the admitted limit, as in people over 110 kg most likely will be a obesity hypertension, that is to say even at a value of 20-30 mm / Hg but which is not necessarily accepted; some expect increased value in these people with obesity;
– Age: For young adults aged 16-25, the tension may be either exactly the normal range or exactly 10 units below this average. For the mature adult: 25-45 years of age should fit exactly within the medium range. While between 45 and 60 years, this value is even 10 units over this range, and over 60 years there may be hypertension or hypotension (so-called physiological), that is, 10, even 20 units above the mean .
– Physical Conformity: If a physical person is athletic conformation or practicing regular sports, or has practiced a performance sport for more than 10 years and has not passed more than 10 years since the end of performance sports, a Adaptability of the heart (as a rhythm) a decrease in this rhythm and respiratory rate as well as blood pressure, so it is possible for these people to have a value of less than 10 in the category of the person.
– In these characteristics where small varieties can be accepted, there can be added also environmental and environmental conditions: smoking, alcohol consumption. Psychosocial factors can also be added: stress, psychic shock recently. At the same time, a physical exercise may have to be considered that may have been given up before the voltage measurement (less than 5 minutes before blood pressure measurement).
A correct measurement to confirm the certainty of possible blood pressure pathologies should include three consecutive measurements at a distance of 3-5 minutes apart, alternating the two arms.
Hypotension and Hypertension – Values, Explanations, Symptoms
For clarification, an average value for a young adult or mature adult is 90-139 mm / Hg of systolic and 60-89 of diastolic pressure.
Pathology (Sistolic/ Diastolic)
Hypotension: <90 <60
Physiological tension: 90-139/60-89
Hypertension first class: 140-159/90-99
Hypertension second class: 160-180/100-110
Hypertension.third class:> 180/> 110
Hypotension is the condition of blood pressure below normal values, i.e. below a systolic value of 90 and an adjacent one, diastolic below 60 mm / Hg. If this tension is in the range of -10 mmHg to both systolic and diastolic, and the person concerned is either a female patient with a body weight of 40-45 kg (or in some cases even more If the person is athletic performance or if the person’s fluid consumption is very low, there are already possible explanations for the hypotension.
A liquid consumption of less than 1 liter per day (although physiological consumption is 2-2.5 liters of fluid per day than those in food or other forms of liquids rather than water), is sufficient to favorize hypotension. Blood pressure is directly proportional to the circulating blood volume (a smaller amount of blood will exert a lower pressure on the walls).
Symptoms related to hypotension are: fainting, dizziness, feeling of choking that can be associated with a headache, dyspepsia (indigestion) or dysuria (painfur urination), and can progress to the loss of consciousness .
High blood pressure first class means an increase over the value of 140/90 of blood pressure and that can explain a heart failure at the onset of pathology, especially if the systolic value is 140 and the diastolic is 95-100. But in time, it has two paths, or it will be adapted by the body that will be able to compensate it, ie to adapt to these values, or it will evolve to grade 2 hypertension. A grade one hypertension will give in extremely rare cases complications that are generally referred to as hypertension, but progressive progression through second degree will later give these complications. Symptoms of the first degree hypertension include palpitations (which may also indicate associated cardiac dysfunction), a headache, or vertigo and pressure in the ears or in the eyelid.
Second-degree hypertension is already an important hypertension that needs to be treated and that already reveals some dysfunctions: cardiac, renal, or circulatory. This hypertension can cause complications such as: aneurysm (aortic or abdominal artery aneurysm), heart failure, chronic kidney pathologies, cardiac arrest or infarction as well as peripheral arterial pathology as well as coronary artery disease. Symptoms include tinnitus (headache), headaches (especially frontal), vertigo and dizziness as well as episodes of fainting.
Third-degree hypertension is a medical emergency, meaning a major dysfunction. Acute complications include stroke, heart attack, heart failure. hronic complications include: heart failure, coronary artery disease or thoracic/abdominal artery aneurysm.
Causes of hypertension originate from a combination of interactions between several factors, most of which are factors that have been acquired (living and environmental conditions also):
– Smoking and alcohol consumption: Although it acts by two different mechanisms, smoking causes both a respiratory and endothelial dysfunction that will also cause hypoxia and a deficient oxygen fixation on hemoglobin. However, alcohol will act through portal hypertension (portal system of the liver) and the portal hypertension will cause hypertension.
– Obesity: Obesity will form plaque atherosclerosis in the blood vessels and which in turn will aggravate blood circulation through the vessels. This will result in high blood pressure.
– Stress: In addition to a series of strict cardiac and cardiovascular pathologies other than hypertension, and an aggravating cause in ulcerative pathology, stress is a major incriminating factor in hypertension as well.
The main two organs that can favorize hypertension are the heart and the kidneys.
Pathologic vessels, i.e. weakening of vessel elasticity caused by deposition of atheromatous plaques, a decrease in elasticity due to age, or even clot formation can cause hypertension.